Smartphones have made the internet and connectivity ever present. We take our phones wherever we go and feel lost without them. We feel we need connectivity but, as discussed previously , it is a much deeper need than that.
Smartphones are our catalyst for instant gratification. Any time we feel bored or restless we can pick up our phone and get a little spike of dopamine by looking at a picture of a funny cat, validating our virtual image on social media, or catching a missed call or text.